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Election in Mexico: Claudia Sheinbaum is expected to become the nation’s first female president

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As the incoming president of Mexico, Claudia Sheinbaum is poised to emerge victorious, carrying on the legacy of her mentor, outgoing leader Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador, whose appeal to the underprivileged has been a major factor in her success.

Climate scientist and former Mexico City mayor Sheinbaum was predicted by at least five exit polls to win the president. Parametria, a pollster, predicted that the candidate of the ruling MORENA party would win a landslide 56% of the vote. According to Parametria, Xochitl Galvez, the opposition candidate, would receive 30% of the vote.

With 5% of the vote counted, preliminary results are beginning to come in, showing Sheinbaum ahead with 59% of the vote to Galvez’s 29%. Galvez has refused to back down and advised her followers to wait for the official findings.

Mexico, which is home to the second-largest Roman Catholic population in the world and is well-known for its macho culture, is taking a significant stride forward with Sheinbaum’s impending triumph. For years, Mexico has promoted more traditional values and roles for women.

Sheinbaum’s victory in a general election would make history for women in the US, Mexico, or Canada.

In Tlaxcala, the smallest state in Mexico, 87-year-old Edelmira Montiel, a supporter of Sheinbaum, remarked, “I never imagined that one day I would vote for a woman.”

“In the past, voting was prohibited to us, and when it was, you had to cast your ballot for the candidate your spouse advised you to support. I get to live it, thank God things has changed,” Montiel continued.

Sheinbaum faces a challenging future. She has to strike a compromise between taking over a big budget deficit and slow economic development, and her pledge to expand popular welfare programmes.

She promised to increase security, but she hasn’t provided many details. Additionally, the election—which saw 38 candidates killed—was the bloodiest in Mexico’s recent history, which has exacerbated the country’s severe security issues. Several experts claim that organised crime groups have deepened and expanded their influence during Lopez Obrador’s term.

The deaths of two persons at polling places in the state of Puebla also clouded Sunday’s election results. Although the homicide rate has been gradually declining, more people—over 185,000—have died under Lopez Obrador’s presidency than under any other in Mexico’s recent history.

According to independent political risk analyst for Latin America Nathaniel Parish Flannery, “Sheinbaum will likely struggle to achieve a significant improvement in overall levels of security unless she commits to making a game-changing level of investment in improving policing and reducing impunity.”

One of the most significant positions in the nation, the mayor of Mexico City is chosen by the ruling MORENA party, however the opposition has challenged this and asserts that its own candidate

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Mario Delgado, the leader of the party, also stated that it looks MORENA will have a simple majority in Congress rather than the two-thirds majority needed to advance constitutional amendments without backing from the opposition.

US RELATIONS
Tense negotiations with the United States over the massive flows of migrants heading for the United States across Mexico and security cooperation against drug trafficking at a time when the fentanyl epidemic rages in the United States will be among the problems facing the incoming president.

If Donald Trump wins the presidency of the United States in November, Mexican officials anticipate that these conversations will be more challenging. In addition to vowing to use special forces to combat the cartels, Trump has threatened to levy 100% taxes on Chinese automobiles manufactured in Mexico.

In the United States, the incoming president will have to deal with issues like water and electricity scarcity and encourage businesses to migrate closer to their primary markets through a practice known as “nearshoring.”

The victor of the election will also need to consider how to handle Pemex, the massive state oil company whose output has been declining for the past 20 years and which is heavily indebted.

Goldman Sachs’ senior Latin America economist, Alberto Ramos, remarked, “It cannot just be that there is an endless pit where you put public money in and the company is never profitable.” “They have to rethink the business model of Pemex.”

Notwithstanding Mexico’s significant deficit this year and the slow GDP growth of about 1.5% predicted by the central bank for next year, Sheinbaum has pledged to increase welfare programmes.

The campaign has been dominated by Lopez Obrador, who wants to use the election as a referendum on his political agenda. While Sheinbaum has promised to carry out many of Lopez Obrador’s programmes, particularly those that have benefited the poorest citizens of Mexico, she has rejected accusations from the opposition that she would be a “puppet” of the politician.

Political analyst Viri Rios stated that she believed the criticism that Sheinbaum would be a puppet stemmed from sexism.

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“It’s unbelievable that people cannot believe she’s going to be making her own decisions, and I think that’s got a lot to do with the fact that she’s female,” she stated.

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During the G7 meeting, Modi and Trudeau interact briefly as tensions over the Nijjar massacre claims rise.

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Toronto: On Friday, during the G7 leaders’ summit in Apulia, Italy, Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his Canadian counterpart Justin Trudeau had a brief meeting. This was the first time the two leaders had met since Trudeau revealed in the House of Commons on September 18, 2018, that there were “credible allegations” of a possible connection between Indian agents and the three-month-old murder of pro-Khalistan activist Hardeep Singh Nijjar in Surrey, British Columbia.

The meeting was not scheduled by either PM on their official calendar.

Modi shared a picture of the two leaders together on X, none of them seemed to be smiling. A Canadian PMO official was quoted by the Globe and Mail in a statement that stated, “The Prime Minister congratulated Prime Minister Modi on his re-election and the leaders had a brief discussion on the bilateral relationship.” Of course, there are significant problems currently dividing our two nations. We hope you understand that we won’t be releasing any more information at this time,” the statement continued.

On June 5, after Modi was re-elected to a third term, Trudeau’s office released a statement. In that statement, it was said that “Canada stands ready to work together to advance the relationship between our peoples – anchored to human rights, diversity, and the rule of law” as both bilateral and Indo-Pacific partners. “India looks forward to working with Canada based on mutual understanding and respect for each other’s concerns,” was Modi’s response on X four days later.

They had last had a face-to-face meeting in September of last year at the G20 leaders’ conference in New Delhi. It was subsequently revealed that Trudeau had brought up the subject of Nijjar’s murder in that conversation. Trudeau “raised the importance of respecting the rule of law, democratic principles, and national sovereignty,” according to his PMO at the time.

At the time, a statement from the External Affairs Ministry emphasised New Delhi’s “strong concerns about continuing anti-India activities of extremist elements in Canada” while stating that “mutual respect and trust” were crucial for the relationship to advance.

The next meeting of the G7 leaders will take place in Canada in 2025 in Kananaskis, Alberta. As an outreach partner for the earlier events in Italy, Germany, Japan, and the UK, India was invited. But when Canada last hosted the summit in Charlevoix, Quebec, in 2018, India was not invited.

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Did the G7 proclamation no longer include abortion or the LGBTQ community? Italy responds

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Artificial intelligence, the world economy, security and defence, and the ongoing battles in Gaza and Ukraine were the main topics of discussion during the G7 conference in Italy. However, the actual G7 proclamation, which was released to the public on Friday, included no mention of LGBTQ problems or abortion rights.

According to The Guardian, Italy’s far-right government, led by Prime Minister Giorgia Meloni, denied that the G7 declaration’s references to abortion and the LGBTQ community had been eliminated. It should be mentioned that during last year’s G7 conference in Japan, both of these allusions were mentioned in the statement.

The protection of the LGBTQ community’s “gender identity and sexual orientation” was not included in the statement released on June 13, the first day of the summit. The proclamation also omitted the word “abortion.”

The G7 leaders committed to ensuring that women have “universal access to adequate, affordable, and quality health services for women, including comprehensive sexual and reproductive health and rights for all,” even though abortion was not included in the declaration.

The G7 leaders pledged last year to include “access to safe and legal abortion” in Japan’s women’s healthcare system. Bloomberg was the first to report on the loss of LGBTQ rights and abortion, and they connected it to Pope Francis’s participation in the G7 summit.

Meloni’s office was quoted in The Guardian as saying, “There is no basis for the Bloomberg report that suggested that any mention of LGBT rights will be eliminated from the final G7 communiqué. This rebuilding is absolutely denied by the Italian presidency [of the G7].

Meloni and French President Emmanuel Macron have previously spat over allegations that Italy had softened the G7 declaration’s final wording regarding access to safe abortion.

On the fringes of the conference, Macron remarked to an Italian journalist, “You don’t have the same sensibilities in your country.” The French government envisions gender equality, although not all political parties share this goal.

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President Cyril Ramaphosa of South Africa is re-elected for a second term following a stunning last-minute coalition agreement.

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Legislators on Friday re-elected South African President Cyril Ramaphosa to a second term. This came about when his party, hours before the election, forged an unexpected coalition agreement with a former political rival.

In Parliament, African National Congress leader Ramaphosa defeated the unexpectedly nominated Julius Malema of the far-left Economic Freedom Fighters with a decisive win. In the 400-member house, Ramaphosa earned 283 votes to Malema’s 44.

With the support of some smaller parties and legislators from the Democratic Alliance, the nation’s second-largest party, 71-year-old Ramaphosa was able to win a second term. After the African National Congress (ANC) lost its long-held majority in a historic election two weeks ago, reducing it to 159 members in Parliament, they supported him in the vote and helped him over the finish line.

The ANC and the DA inked the last-minute deal during a break in what ended up being an extended parliamentary session, thereby guaranteeing Ramaphosa’s continued leadership of Africa’s most developed economy. In their first national coalition in which no party holds a majority in Parliament, the parties will now share governance of South Africa.

The agreement, known as a government of national unity, unites the ANC with the Democratic Alliance (DA), a white-led party that has long served as the primary opposition and the ANC’s most ardent opponent. Two smaller parties at least joined the deal as well.

The agreement, which thrust South Africa into unknown territory, was hailed by Ramaphosa as a “new birth, a new era for our country” and he urged the involved parties “to overcome their differences and to work together.”

He declared, “This is what we are going to do, and this is what I promise to accomplish as President.”

Since the apartheid system of white minority rule ended in 1994, the ANC, the renowned party of Nelson Mandela, had controlled South Africa with a comfortable majority.

However, in the humiliating national election held on May 29, a pivotal moment for the nation, it lost its 30-year majority. The vote took place in the midst of a general outcry among South Africans due to the country’s high rates of unemployment, inequality, and poverty.

Given the radically divergent philosophies of the ANC, a former liberation movement, and the centrist, business-friendly DA, which received 21% of the vote in the national election—the second-largest percentage after the ANC’s 40%—analysts caution that difficulties may lie ahead.

To start, the DA took issue with the ANC government’s decision to bring a highly sensitive case before the UN Supreme Court, accusing Israel of genocide in Gaza.

The first person to confirm the deal was DA leader John Steenhuisen.

He said, “A deal has been signed, and the DA lawmakers will vote for Ramaphosa for president,” as he left Friday’s sessions to give a speech that was broadcast live on television. “From today, the DA will co-govern the Republic of South Africa in a spirit of unity and collaboration,” he stated.

The Parliament session started at 10 a.m. in the unusual setting of a conference center near Cape Town’s waterfront, after the city’s historic National Assembly building was gutted in a fire in 2022. The house first went through the hours long swearing-in of hundreds of new lawmakers and electing a speaker and a deputy speaker.

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The presidential election took place late at night, and the results weren’t made public until well after 10 p.m. As midnight slipped into Saturday, Ramaphosa concluded his acceptance speech.

The MK Party, led by former president Jacob Zuma, boycotted the meeting, although this had little bearing on the results because a quorum only requires a third of the chamber.

Speaking with anyone else who wished to join the unity government, the ANC was willing to listen, according to Secretary-General Fikile Mbalula. He claimed that the multi-party accord will “prioritize the country across the political and ideological divide.” There are eighteen political groups represented in Parliament.

A few parties declined to participate, among them Malema’s EFF.

The Patriotic Alliance, whose leader, Gayton McKenzie, served a prison sentence for bank robbery, and the Inkatha Freedom Party were the other two parties who signed onto the coalition agreement.

McKenzie claimed that just as he had been granted a second shot at life, South Africa now had one as well—a chance to address its severe socioeconomic issues.

After the election results were announced on June 2, Parliament had to vote on the president within 14 days, giving the ANC a deadline to reach a coalition agreement. The final negotiations for a coalition agreement were held over the course of Thursday and Friday, according to party officials, after the ANC had been trying for two weeks to reach one.

Since the African National Congress (ANC) won the first all-race election in 1994 and put an end to over fifty years of racial segregation, South Africa has not experienced such a high degree of political unpredictability. Since then, starting with Mandela, every leader in South Africa has come from the ANC.

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The new unity administration also had similarities to the 1994 act of reconciliation when the African National Congress (ANC) held the majority and Nelson Mandela, South Africa’s first Black president, invited political rivals to join a unity government. In his early political career, Ramaphosa had been instrumental in such negotiations.

The ANC’s hand was forced this time.

Leader of the PA McKenzie remarked, “The ANC has been very magnanimous in that they have accepted defeat and said, ‘let’s talk.”

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