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Elephants refer to one another by “names”: Research

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Elephant biologists have observed a fascinating phenomenon over the years. An elephant will occasionally vocalize to a group of elephants, and all of the other elephants will reply. However, on other occasions, when that same elephant calls out to the gathering, only one person answers. Is it possible that elephants use a term akin to a name to refer to one another? This theory is supported by a recent investigation using African savannah elephants in the wild in Kenya.

More than 100 elephants in Amboseli National Park and Samburu National Reserve produced vocalizations that the researchers examined. The majority of these vocalizations were rumbles produced by the elephants utilizing their vocal chords, much like people talk.

The researchers recognized what seemed to be a name-like component in these calls designating a particular elephant as the intended addressee using a machine-learning algorithm. After that, the researchers played audio to 17 elephants to see how they would react to a call that appeared to be for them as well as a sound that appeared to be for another elephant.

On average, the elephants reacted more forcefully to calls that seemed to be directed towards them. They tended to act more animatedly, approach the audio source, and produce more noises when they heard such a call as opposed to when they heard one that seemed to be intended for someone else.

Elephants, according to the study’s findings, “address one another with something like a name,” says lead author Mickey Pardo, a behavioral ecologist from Cornell University who was formerly at Colorado State University. The study was published on Monday in the journal Nature Ecology & Evolution.

“Certainly, in order to address one another in this way, elephants must learn to associate particular sounds with particular individuals and then use those sounds to get the attention of the individual in question, which requires sophisticated learning ability and understanding of social relationships,” Pardo stated. “The fact that elephants address one another as individuals highlights the importance of social bonds – and specifically, maintaining many different social bonds – for these animals,” Pardo said.

Elephants, the biggest land mammal on the planet, are incredibly clever; they are noted for their sophisticated communication, strong memory, and problem-solving abilities. According to earlier studies, they welcome one other with complex behaviors that include tactile, auditory, and visual cues.

Why would an elephant use its “name” to address another elephant?
According to George Wittemyer, a conservation biologist from Colorado State University and co-author of the study, “we don’t know exhaustively, but from our analysis it appears commonly during contact calls where an elephant calls to another individual – often by name.” Wittemyer is also chair of the scientific board of the conservation organization Save the Elephants.

“Mothers frequently rumbled to their calves, either to soothe them or to see how they were doing. It was less frequent in those kinds of vocalizations than we had anticipated in welcoming ceremonies, Wittemyer continued.

In the animal kingdom, the use of individual-specific vocal labels, or names, is uncommon but not unheard of. It has also been demonstrated that parrots and dolphins do this. However, all they do is mimic the other animal’s vocalizations. The vocal labels in elephants do more than just mimic the sounds produced by the addressee.

“Instead, their names seem to be arbitrary, like human names,” Pardo stated. “Addressing individuals with arbitrary names likely requires a capacity for some degree of abstract thought.”

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“I think this work highlights how intelligent and interesting elephants are, and I hope that engenders greater interest in their conservation and protection,” Wittemyer said.

Is it possible for humans to “talk” with elephants in the future?
“That would be fantastic, but we are a long way off from that,” Wittemyer stated. “The grammar and fundamental components by which elephant vocalizations encode information remain unknown. Before we can go forward in comprehending them, we must resolve that.”

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Moschino breaks fashion conventions at Milan Fashion Week, while Dsquared2 amps up the ante with raunchy ensembles and male dancers.

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Milan Fashion Week: Predominately intended for menswear previews, the event marked the end of the previous calendar norms on Friday when it opened with two co-ed collections. There are just twenty runway shows this week, so there should be ample opportunity to consider the direction that fashion is going. Following Canadian design brand Dsquared2, which debuted a complete male and womenswear collection, Moschino opened with a show that combined menswear for the upcoming summer and women’s 2025 resort.

Highlights from Friday’s Lost and Found show at Moschino during Milan Fashion Week
During his second term as creative director of Moschino, Adrian Appiolaza tore the rules to pieces.

“I want to bring the concept of freedom of expression through clothing to Moschino’s future, since it is connected to the brand’s original DNA,” Appiolaza remarked in the rear. Gender is not at issue here. Nationality is not a factor here. Essentially, it’s about dressing as you want to and not how you should, and being at ease.

As summer approaches in the northern hemisphere, the Argentine designer reads our collective minds, appealing to our longing to escape the daily grind of the workplace and travel to our ideal destinations. Along the way, familiar items change and daydreaming takes control.

Appiolaza uses large paperclips to create a shimmering tank. Embroidered onto a blazer are fabric post-its with jobs left undone. Another turns into a survival jacket for an office worker; nothing is hidden and it has pockets for pencils, notepads, credit cards, ID badges, charging cables and field guides. Later on, it transforms into an adventure jacket complete with a magnifying glass and field guides.

Dresses are created by disassembling suits and trenches. Then, as if to say, “Enough,” they are torn apart. The final straw was an aeroplane sitting on a hat. After that, a real straw skirt.

There’s a new line of safari clothing, beach pareos, knitwear with soccer ball patterns, skirts that double as postcards and blazers printed with an Italian table still life featuring bread, ripe tomatoes and a Chianti bottle.

With a modern and irreverent twist that is guaranteed to make people grin, the collection boldly embraces the sardonic and whimsical DNA of the design house. An ink spot is ready on a suit shirt. A sparkling pizza smear adorns a tank top, which is paired with an Italian tri-color skirt featuring soccer balls all over it. Men wear brimmed hats in triplicate, as though a fashion copy machine replicated and resized them.

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“These characters are all explorers on a self-discovery journey,” Appiolaza remarked.

Dsquared2 increases the intensity
With their provocative and daring men’s and women’s collection for their Dsquared2 fashion brand, Canadian twin designers Dean and Dan Caten raised the stakes.

The twins termed it “bodacious theatricality,” but the Catens brought life to the fashionable theatre with a group of men dancing together beneath red lights while wearing sheer rubberized tanks and black pants.

The well-buffed collection included sheers, sequins, leather, and denim pieces that highlighted and exposed the body. There were only two panels to a denim garment, held in place by sequined vines. He wore asymmetric, off-the-shoulder knitwear that flaunted well-defined chests. Short shorts and sports number shirts were worn over sequin bikinis. Cascading chiffons exposed harnesses used for bondage.

Dan Caten remarked, “It’s sensual and sexual,” behind the scenes. We are experiencing a slight spicy feeling due to the Dsquared2 heat.

“We are bringing love,” Dean continued. We’re bringing a dream with us. Since reality as we know it is only partially true, we are delivering theatre, which is an escape from reality.

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Paris Fashion Week adds yet another degree of confusion when Givenchy, Valentino, and other fashion companies withdraw for the season

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Paris Fashion Week: With its return on Tuesday, the fashion show will provide much-needed respite to a nation reeling from political unrest. Menswear week ends on Sunday, while the haute couture shows begin right away and run until June 27.

Since far-right parties surged in European polls and President Emmanuel Macron scheduled unexpected legislative elections, France has been in disarray.

The largest problem for fashionistas, however, may be getting around Paris, which is wrapping up preparations to host the Olympic Games next month. Road and site closures have resulted in a tenfold increase in traffic congestion.

Menswear and couture weeks were moved up to July due to the Olympics (womenswear takes place in September).

Some companies have been forced to withdraw this season due to the gruelling pace at which the fashion industry is already moving, such as Olivier Rousteing’s Balmain, which informed AFP that it had withdrew at the last minute.

Givenchy and Valentino will also not be attending this week’s shows.

Among the well-known figures attending is hip-hop superstar Pharrell Williams, who will maintain his prominent leadership role at Louis Vuitton. This year marks a year after his ultra-lavish first presentation, during when he took over the Pont Neuf bridge and painted its paving stones gold.

The centrepiece, though, will be a massive party hosted by Vogue on Sunday that unites the two extremely profitable industries of fashion and athletics.

This year marks the third iteration of Vogue World, a touring version of the Met Gala that has previously taken place in New York and London. The event comes as the brand looks for innovative ways to remain relevant in an era where magazine sales are declining.

Leading fashion houses, such as Balenciaga, Hermes, Dior, and Jacquemus, will showcase collections that are matched with Olympic sports like breakdancing and athletics.

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Chanel surprise
Significant changes have occurred at the top of fashion houses.

The biggest surprise came when it was revealed this week that Virginie Viard, who took over for her predecessor Karl Lagerfeld following his death in 2019 and worked with him for 20 years, was leaving Chanel.

Despite managing record sales for the brand last year, it appears that the separation was less than amicable, as Viard will not be present for Chanel’s couture presentation on June 25.

A Chanel representative told AFP, “It will be a studio collection and Virginie Viard will not be present.”

Speculating about the next big thing has become a popular past time of fashionistas since the end of the Lagerfeld period.

The names that are making the rounds are Simon Porte Jacquemus, whose eponymous label has been one of the biggest independent success stories of recent years, Hedi Slimane of Celine, Marine Serre of France, and Pierpaolo Piccioli, who recently departed Valentino.

Givenchy is currently searching for a head designer following Matthew Williams’ resignation last year, while Valentino awaits the introduction of its much anticipated new creative director, Alessandro Michele (previously of Gucci).

On Saturday of this week, Belgian designer Dries Van Noten will have his last show.

The 66-year-old, while not being a household name, is retiring as a darling among serious fashion lovers because of his cutting-edge looks and skillful craftsmanship.

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Radhika Merchant enthralled the internet with her magnificent haute couture gown worn at the pre-wedding celebrations with Anant Ambani.

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Anant Ambani and Radhika Merchant have not yet tied the wedding. The internet has already been captivated by the festivities, opulence, remarkable fashion moments provided by the Ambani family, and red carpet-worthy celebrity style moments. Social media is ablaze with the most recent photos from the couple’s lavish pre-wedding festivities in Italy. Among the several pictures of the bride that were circulated yesterday night, one particularly striking one shows Radhika wearing an opulent ivory gown fit for a goddess.

Radhika Merchant was styled by Rhea Kapoor for one of the events during her wedding celebrations, and the photos were posted on Instagram. Radhika Merchant, the bride, for her celebrations. “HAUTE COUTURE at its most magnificent with @tamararalph,” Rhea wrote as the photo’s caption. Radhika looked like a goddess in the exquisite couture Tamara Ralph gown, which received praise on social media.

The magnificent ivory double satin draped costume has a dramatic overskirt with crystal blooms encrusted in white silk. It was made more beautiful by the floor-sweeping train, the off-the-shoulder neckline, and the crystal rose headband.

Radhika accessorised the gown with diamond pieces such as a large solitaire ring, earrings, and a delicate bracelet. She went for rouge on the cheeks, winged eyeliner, darker brows, mascara on the lashes, mauve lip colour, and loose, center-parted hair for her glam look.

What response did the internet get?
Internet users praised Radhika and Rhea profusely for providing such a stunning moment of style. “I mean, this is insane,” Sonam wrote. Someone said, “Rhea Kapoor never disappoints.” Somebody else said, “This is how you do Haute Couture.” “@rheakapoor, only you are capable of doing this! She looks like a princess, dammit!” exclaimed a fan. On Diet Sabya’s page, a fan made the joke, “It’s giving wedding cake.”

About the wedding celebrations of Anant Ambani and Radhika Merchant
In Jamnagar, Gujarat, Anant Ambani and Radhika Merchant kicked off their wedding festivities with a multi-day spectacular. They recently went on a four-day luxury cruise to Italy with friends, family, and a number of Bollywood celebrities. For a huge party, they even closed down a whole plaza in Portofino.

In the meanwhile, from July 12 to 14, the pair will celebrate their marriage with a three-day ceremony. The Shubh Vivah, or wedding function, will take place on Friday, July 12 to kick off the rituals.

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